Originated in canada, the game is played between two teams with a ball and a hoop. Throughout history the games has changed in so many ways. Brief contact initiated by a defensive player will be allowed if it does not impede the progress of the player with the ball. The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in springfield, massachusetts by canadian physical education instructor james naismith as a less injuryprone sport than football.
A brief history of basketball just in time for the final. The first game consisted of 18 players, or nine to a team which was standard to the baseball teams of the day. Basketball was invented in 1891 by dr james naismith, a canadian of scottish descent at. Basketball is a team sport played by two teams of five players each.
Players are allowed to make a brief contact with an opposing player trying to pass. Sport and olympicparalympic studies journal sopsj brief report basketball, innovation and change agency. Naismith invented the game in 1892 there has been a gradual changing of the rules. James naismith, an instructor at a ymca in springfield, massachusetts. Basketball media guide downloads pdf official home of. After adding kevin durant to an already elite lineup, the warriors stormed to a leagueleading 67 wins in the. Naismith was a college professor who wanted to create a game that his physical education classes could play inside during the long winters. A history the game of basketball was invented by dr. Read this history other essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Basket a hoop or basket with net around its circumference and of 18 inch diameter is firmly hung horizontally from a rectangular backboard of 3. Pdf basketball is a sport, generally played by two teams of five.
Sydney 2000 basketball w london 2012 basketball m introduction basketball made its olympic debut at the games of the xi olympiad in berlin in 1936, and has been on the programme at every edition since. A brief history of basketball december 27, 1991 dec. The game of basketball was fashioned from fragments of. He invented basketball for fun, as a simple physical education activity not something to be serious about. Few seasons in sports history better exemplify that term than the golden state warriors road to the 20162017 nba championship. In a few years, basketball started being played more like it is played. In conclusion i have told you about james naismth and his great invention. James naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the international young mens christian association training school ymca today, springfield college in springfield, massachusetts, usa, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day. Somebody said, this single sport attracts more player participation than any other sport in america. James naismith was one day faced with the problem of finding a sport that was suitable to play inside during the cold winters. Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world. The excitement of the game, the relatively inexpensive equipment needed, and easy to understand rules have caused basketball to become a mainstay in many global cultures. A brief history of basketball by liberty henry on prezi.
In 1891 a simple game was invented that changed the world. Have you ever wondered how basketball got its start. History in 1891, a teacher at the ymca from springfield, massachusetts usa, james naismith, was concerned that his students were unable to do outdoor sporting activities during the winter months and invented a game that could be played in the gym, which consisted of putting the ball into a peach basket. The history and development of basketball essay 1047 words. The game of basketball is played by 2 teams of 5 players on a court. Two teams of five players each try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. The nba is and example for the older people, they like playing basketball because it keep them interested in the sport. James naismith introduces basket ball at springfield, mass. Wisconsin claims to be the first state with a high school state tournament, which was won by fond du lac in 1905. The present study aimed to compare the basketball jump shoot coordination of players with higher and lower height. Basketball is the only major sport that was invented by a committee. The basketball game is usually played indoors on a rectangular court between two teams.
James naismith, an instructor in the ymca training college now springfield college at springfield, mass. Even the shot had been invented it wasnt used in a professional game until a long time after its creation. But the league wasnt always so successful or glamorous. If you have any ideas for what should be included in the next one, leave a comment below. Even two players can play and have fun with basketball. History of basketball in early december 1891, canadian american dr. If a team has two 2 or three 3 full timeouts remaining when the fourth period reaches the 2. This is where the height of 10 feet for the basket was arrived at.
Basketball is a simple game, it doesnt require any equipment other than a hoop, a ball and a flat court. Bjarkman presents entertaining and factfilled career summaries of the sports great players, its groundbreaking coaches and administrators, and its other oftenforgotten and lesspublicized figures who authored developments crucial to basketballs centurylong. Hawking wrote the book for readers who have no prior knowledge of the universe and people who are just interested in learning something new. Shot clock shot clock indicates the amount of time allotted to an offending. The history of basketball research paper introduction basketball is a athletic sport, usually played on an indoor court in which two competing teams of five layers each attempt to score by throwing an inflated ball so that it descends through one of two baskets suspended, at each end of the court, above their heads. Brief history of basketball select dates and their importance 1891 basketball is invented by dr. The biographical history of basketball gives readers a muchneeded antidote to basketball s historical amnesia. Basketball a brief history a short history of basketball basketball was invented in 1891 by dr james naismith, a canadian of scottish descent at springfield college massachusetts.
Football was a popular sport of the masses from the 8th century onwards. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponents goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket. Basketball is one of the few sports whose exact origin is definitely known. Naismith was a 31year old graduate student when he created the indoor sport to keep athletes indoors during the winters. The object of each team is to score by putting a ball into the opponents basket and to prevent. The biographical history of basketball gives readers a muchneeded antidote to basketballs historical amnesia. A problem for early basketball players was the lack of referees. Defending team the team that doesnt possess the ball and tries to get control of it is the defending team.
Naismith was in charge of the ymca in massachusetts and in 1891, he invented the game of basketball. Baker, a professor of history at the university of maine. The game was invented in an effort to find a sport that could be played indoors during the long cold winter months. The beginning of a brief history of basketball the concept of basketball was born out of his early school days when he played a simple game known as duckonarock outside his schoolhouse. Basketball is a game loved by fans in all four corners of the world. A young woman named maude sherman was on one of the first womens teams. A book james naismith read as a child inspired his invention of basketball. Dec 11, 2017 have you ever wondered how basketball got its start. Basketball history of basketball at the olympic games. Brief contact initiated by a defensive player will be allowed if it does not impede the progress. Teams have to earn points by throwing the ball into the hoop. The game was created in 1891 by james naismith, who was a. Pdf sport and olympicparalympic studies journal sopsj. The basketball association of america was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the northeastern and midwestern united states and canada.
James naismith, a canadian physical education student and instructor at ymca training school1 today, springfield. Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing. A brief history of basketball so much more than a game. The game is played on a rectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end. At the time, a peach basket served as the hoop, and a soccer ball was used as the ball. The history and development of basketball essay 1047. The college was the international ymca training school and the game was invented to provide an indoor activity for trainee ymca leaders. What is special about basketball is that it is a sport that is strictly of u. Indiana state, which featured magic johnson and larry bird. Basketball was invented during the school year of 189192 at springfield college in springfield. He combined lacrosse, rugby, football, and soccer to create this wonderful game. The concept of basketball was born from naismiths school days in the area where he played a simple childs game known as duckonarock. It doesnt need a coach you dont coach basketball, you just play it. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball.
Jul 22, 2014 the new nike line of footwear, which would go on to dominate the world of sports footwear for the next four decades, made its debut in 1972 at the u. Basketball history basketball was invented in 1891 at. Basketball is extremely popular around the world, it is a court game played by two teams of five players each. Basketball is a athletic sport usually played on an indoor court where two teams of five each attempt to score by shooting the basketball into one of two baskets at each end of the court.
Basketball was invented in 1891 by dr james naismith, a canadian of scottish descent at springfield college massachusetts. Bjarkman presents entertaining and factfilled career summaries of the sports great players, its groundbreaking coaches and administrators, and its other oftenforgotten and lesspublicized figures who authored developments crucial to basketball s centurylong. From the big bang to black holes is a popularscience book on cosmology the study of the origin and evolution of the universe by british physicist stephen hawking. Todays national basketball association commands millions of spectators worldwide, and its many franchises are worth hundreds of millions of dollars. Nov 7, 1896, first professional basketball game trenton vs. Three basketball players with higher height 2,0 0,12 m. The year was 1891, and as the story goes, naismith was asked to. The history and history of basketball 1727 words 7 pages. Pdf a research article basketball basketball researchgate. The cultural significance and early history of basketball prezi. James naismith was born in ramsay township near ontario, canada in 1861. If the ball enters the basket from below, a violation has occurred. James naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the international young. Basketball history nature of the game safetyetiquette care of.
Nov 17, 2009 read this history other essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Nevertheless, he became basketball coach at kansas in 1900, and lost his first game 488 to nebraska. A brief history of basketball just in time for the final four gregory mcnamee april 3, 20 born in the ontario village of almonte in 1861, james naismith was a hardworking athlete who excelled at many sports, and who chafed when the long canadian winter kept him from playing outdoors, resulting in added pounds and lost strength. The history of basketball basketball, a popular sport worldwide was created by a man named james naismith. Official rules of the national basketball association pdf. In the history of basketball, the highestrated college basketball game seen on u. Offending team the team possessing the ball is the offending team. It was during his childhood years that he developed a love of sports and learned to play a neighborhood game called duck on a rock, which later influenced the development of basketball. Basketball australia our strength as a sport lies in our strength of participation nationally and our broad offering to all participants, men and women, masters and juniors, able and disabled. The cultural significance and early history of basketball. The first basketball game basketball uniforms have evolved too, from short shorts, long socks, and tight small jerseys, to long shorts, and loose fitting jerseys. And he have older people playing basketball for a career.
James naismith is known worldwide as the inventor of basketball. High school basketball attracted national attention 12 years later in 1917. Basketball history basketball was invented in 1891 at springfield college, springfield massachusetts, by canadian born dr. A brief history of basketball summary of the games origin. James naismith was an american living and working in springfield, manitoba. The objective was to throw the basketball into fruit baskets strapped to the railing of the gym. James and maude soon became friends, and then fell in love. Biography of james naismith, inventor of basketball. However a small thing left a big impact on its history when the first ever threepointer was shot and scored.
The rules of the game were changed slightly and many more rules were added to make. Three years later he died, after nearly forty years as head of the physical education department at the university of kansas. Basketball was invented by james naismith in springfield, massachusetts. The history of basketball the origins of basketball can be traced to 1891 when springfield, massachusetts p. Quick brief about history and popularity of basketball game. History of basketball essay research paper bartleby.
Naismith lived long enough to see basketball included in the olympics in 1936. This book, originally published in 1941, carries a new introduction by william j. Detail 4 the change the first professional basketball league was formed in 1898. Both rules had to be adopted to make each one work. This was one of the bestrated basketball games in basketball history. In 1905, the executive committee on basket ball rules national womens. The history of basketball timeline timetoast timelines. The new nike line of footwear, which would go on to dominate the world of sports footwear for the next four decades, made its debut in 1972 at the u.
Basketball was first played in the olympic games in 1936, in berlin, when the usa beat canada 198 for the gold medal. The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in springfield, massachusetts by. James naismith in 1891 in springfield, massachusetts. History of basketball basketball has been around for over 100 years, and from the very beginning to now, the sport has come a long way. The inventor of the game was a canadian clergyman, james naismith joseph morse, 1973.
History of soccerfootball soccer in britain zbritain is the birthplace of modern soccerassociation football. The members of each team toss the ball through the opponents basket. Jan 20, 2018 the history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in springfield, massachusetts by canadian physical education instructor james naismith as a less injuryprone sport than football. Basketball history basketball was invented during the school year of 189192 at springfield college in springfield, massachusetts. The original rules of basketball were written by dr. On november 1, 1946, in toronto, ontario, canada, the toronto huskies hosted the new york knickerbockers at maple leaf gardens, in a game the nba now refers to as the first game played in nba history. He was born in 1861 in ramsay township, near almonte, ontario, canada. Basketball 7 we have listed here a few common terms frequently used in basketball.
James naismith in december 1891 in springfield, massachusetts. Basketball, game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. The game of basketball was fashioned from fragments of other games, seeking to eliminate flaw. The first games used peach baskets nailed to the wall for rims. The history of basketball essay 2079 words examples. A brief history of basketball basketball is a game loved by fans in all four corners of the world. The game of basketball has evolved a great deal throughout the years. Project muse the rise of the national basketball association. The court is divided into two main sections by the midcourt line.1597 494 661 536 1256 993 725 1326 870 130 285 842 1313 1014 1579 1440 1372 586 1255 510 543 587 1528 1175 1619 1522 1287 961 976 1420 81 484 668 9 81 823 266 907 1284